The Cobots (also known as co-robot, or collaborative robots) are the latest generation of industrial robots, developed to share in safety the working area with the humans. Cobots are developed to support the work of human operators, without the necessity of safety protections / dedicated working areas, with big space saving and optimization advantages.
Collaborative robots have the capability of sharing working spaces with humans, thanks to their sophisticated safety control devices, vision and “sensitive” anti-collision systems, with a real-time monitoring of the surrounding environment, coordinating their own movements with those of the humans around them, and being in control of their own actions, and force exercised (max moving speed of 1 mt/sec.).
Normally Cobots, are anthropomorph robots (which are NOT Humanoids!) equipped with articulated and flexible arms, vision and sensor systems, that gives them several levels of autonomy with refined sensitive manipulation and execution skills
Unlike the traditional industrial robots, cobots do not require a complex preliminary programming for their operation. On the contrary cobots can be utilized and managed immediately in the production process without robotics programming knowledge. Additionally in the majority of cases cobots have on-the-job self-learning capabilities, with memorization of manouvres teached to them by the human operators, with perfect replication, hence they do not require highly specialized staff to manage them.
All this makes the cobots more versatile, economical, and flexible compared to machines and traditional robots, both at the initial stage on introduction in the production line, and more importantly at a second stage, when they can be used for a new start up job with different capabilities.
All this makes the cobots more versatile, economical, and flexible compared to machines and traditional robots, both at the initial stage on introduction in the production line, and more importantly at a second stage, when they can be used for a new start-up job with different capabilities.
Normally cobots, as all industrial robots, are assigned to repetitive and wearing activities, which are assigned to them, for increasing efficiency, productivity, and to reduce fatigue, stress and accidents to human operators. However in recent years, cobots are increasingly preferred to their humans counterparts because of their speed, force, and precision of execution, especially when working with expensive/delicate/fragile materials